This gate to Kaaba is known as Bab ul-Fatah (Door of Victory). It was from here that the Prophet (saw) entered during the conquest of Mecca on Friday, the 20th of Ramadhan 8 years AH.
When the army of Muslims approached Mecca, they first stopped in Dhu Tuwa, not far from the city, but within sight of it. When his camel Qaswa stopped, the Prophet (saw) bowed his head until his beard almost touched the saddle, in gratitude to Allah.
Then the Prophet (saw) gathered his troops to enter Mecca. Khalid bin Walid (may Allah be pleased with him) took command on the right and entered from the lower part of Mecca. Zubair (may Allah be pleased with him) took command of the left wing and entered from the upper part of Qada. The central part of the army was divided into two parts; half of them were led by Sa’d bin Ubadah (may Allah be pleased with him) and his son, and the other half in which the Prophet himself rode was led by Abu Ubaid bin Jarrah (may Allah be pleased with him) who commanded the infantry.
The surprise attack itself stunned the Quraysh, and very little resistance was offered to the Muslims.
It is reported that Ali, the grandson of the Prophet (saw) through his daughter Zaynab (may Allah be pleased with him), sat with the Prophet (saw) on the back of a camel during the triumphal entrance to Mecca.
A red leather tent was set up for the Prophet (saw), in which he performed wudhu (ablutions) and performed eight rakah’s nafl salah, after which he rested for an hour or more. Then he called Qaswa, and wearing a mail and helmet, he girded his sword; but in his hand he carried a staff, and his visor was raised. Some of those who traveled with him that morning were already queuing near the tent, and they accompanied him when he went to Haram, talking to Abu Bakr (may Allah be pleased with him), who was next to him. ,
The Prophet (saw) went to the Kaaba and performed the tawaf. There were three hundred and sixty idols around the Kaaba. Holding the stick he carried, he pushed them, saying: “The truth has come, and the Falsehood has disappeared. A Falsehood always disappears ”[Quran 17:81]
“Truth has come, and a lie does not arise and does not bring again” [Quran 34:49]
After performing a circle, the Prophet (saw) dismounted from his camel and prayed at Maqame Ibrahim, and then drank Zamzam water from the Zamzam well. Then he asked for the keys to the Ka’bah and went inside for a while. By the time he left, the Quraysh filled out the Haram, looking forward to what he would do next.
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The Prophet (saw) stood at the door of the Kaaba, holding the frame of Kaabah, and spoke at length with the former persecutors humble before him, explaining several laws of Islam and repealing all pagan customs. Then he asked them: “Men of Quraysh! What do you think I’ll do to you? “. They said: “We hope for the best. You are a noble brother and a son of a noble brother! “. The Prophet (saw) answered: “I tell you that Yusuf told his brothers:” On this day there will be no reproach on you. ” Go on, you are free. ”
The Prophet (saw) ordered Bilal (may Allah be pleased with him) climb onto the roof of the Kaabah and give the athan (it is said that the Prophet (saw) himself offered his shoulder for Bilal (may Allah be pleased with them) climb out). It was the first time that the leaders of Quraysh heard the word of Allah rising; the valley of Mecca was reflected in sound.
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Many prominent members of the Quraysh, former sworn enemies, came that day to the bosom of Islam, including Abu Sufyan and his wife Hind, who in the battle of Uhud chewed Hamza’s liver (may Allah be pleased with him).
Sources: When the Moon Split – Shaikh Safiur-Rahman Mubarakpuri, Fazail-e-Aamal – Sheikh Zakariyya Kandhalvi, Muhammed the last Prophet – Sayyed Abul Hasan Ali Nadwi